How to Feel Good As a Disabled Person

It can be hard to feel good about yourself when you’re disabled. Often, people with disabilities are made fun of for what they have to deal with on a daily basis. They might not be able to do the same things as others because their body doesn’t allow it. This blog post is going to discuss how you can feel better about yourself and your disability without feeling like less of a person in society’s eyes.

There are lots of things that you can do as a disabled person to feel better about yourself. For one thing, it’s important to not be afraid to reach out for help when you need it. It might seem like people should just know what they’re doing and how much assistance is needed in certain situations, but the truth is that not everyone does. You should be able to ask for help when you need it, and know that people are happy to do so if they can.

Another tip is to not compare yourself with other people who don’t have disabilities like yours. It might seem easy enough in the moment, but these comparisons will only backfire on you in the long run. You’ll end up feeling worse about your situation and not better.

Try to improve on yourself in physical aspects. Try some beauty secrets to enhance your natural beauty. Improve your skin care, teeth care, hair care by using some treatments or products. With this, you can be more confident in yourself and you’ll feel better about your appearance.

See the beauty in what you have – Think of all the good things that come with it – Find something to make yourself smile every day, even if it’s just a small thing like eating chocolate or talking to someone special over the phone

You can also improve your mood in other ways like try to have a smile on the face and be friendly with people around you. Try talking about what subjects interest you, which will give them more of an opportunity to talk about themselves. Do not dwell on the negative things that have happened to you in the past.

Depending on your disability, try things like learning how to drive! There are available options on how you can drive as a disabled person, on how you can adapt your vehicle so you can drive and be independent. Once you can do this, you can feel good about the fact that you’re not being reliant on others to get around. This will allow you to regain control over life.

There are many ways to feel good about yourself when you’re disabled. In this article, we’ve shared a few of our favorite suggestions for how people with disabilities can improve their mood and gain confidence in themselves. We hope these tips will help you find the strength within yourself that is needed to succeed as an individual!

How to Prepare for and Deal with Glowing Skin When Travelling

Glowing skin is a common travel concern. From the heat to the unfamiliar surroundings, it shouldn’t be surprising that your skin may change when travelling. Here are some tips for how to not only prepare for a blooming look but also deal with it if you experience any while on vacation!

Preparations: The first thing to do is find out what your skin type is. If you’re a sensitive skin person, the best way to prepare for glowing complexion during travel may be different than someone who’s oily (or the other way around). It also helps if you have any allergies or sensitivities that might affect how you’ll react to new environments.

Stay hydrated: One of the most important ways to maintain good looking skin on vacation is staying hydrated. Keep water in your bag and sip throughout the day! Traveling through hot climates will require more drinking- but don’t forget about hydrating when it’s cool too! You can add some lemon juice with sparkling mineral water for an easy way to keep your skin radiant.

Protect yourself: One of the most common ways that people experience a shift in their skin’s appearance is from sun exposure. You can take some time before you go to pack an SPF-driven moisturizer or sunscreen for travel! If you’re not used to wearing these products, start using them now so they won’t be new and unfamiliar while on vacation with you. Keep it handy too – especially if you’ll be spending any amount of time outside during daylight hours when travelling abroad.

Don’t rely on hotel shampoos or soaps. Pack your own shampoo, conditioner and body wash. Don’t forget to pack sunscreen–even on cloudy days or when you’re indoors! Remember that not all shampoos and shower gels are created equal. The water in different areas may have different levels of mineral content, which means your hair and skin will react differently.

Travelling can cause stress and other factors that might contribute to glowing skin such as lack of sleep, change in food intake or lower levels of hydration. There are many things you can do when travelling for long periods- from staying on top of skincare regime by packing light to bringing some of your favourite products with you, and using topical treatments that will keep skin looking healthy. Keeping things in control, following your itinerary and having stress-free travel will have you looking your best.

Pack lighter and bring only true essentials. You can skip bringing your toners for the time being as you will be adjusting to a new climate. Bring products that provide sun protection of SPF 30 or higher and are water resistant. There is also the option of packing makeup wipes if you need them on your trip as they can go into any bag!

Now that you have the tools to create a blooming look, it’s time for some final tips. One of the most important things to remember is not to rely on hotel shampoo or soap in order to protect your hair and skin from drying out too much. Keep your hands off those stressful situations as well because stress can cause breakouts which are never good! And finally, bring only true essentials with you so you don’t end up carrying around extra weight during all of this traveling work. We hope these tips help make getting ready easier and achieve that picture-perfect glowing look!

5 Helpful Hacks To Keep Your Skin Healthy

Beauty is not just about what you put on the outside, but also what’s on the inside. It starts with a healthy diet and lifestyle. The only way to have glowing skin from the inside out is by eating well and getting plenty of sleep! In this blog post we will discuss 5 helpful hacks that will keep your skin healthy for years to come!

Keep your diet healthy

It’s important to eat plenty of protein and whole grains. Also try adding more vegetables into your diet as they are high in vitamins and nutrients that will help keep skin looking youthful.

When shopping for food items, opt for the ones that have less processing or are labeled ‘natural’.

Bring your own lunch to work instead of buying a processed pre-packaged version.

Keep your lifestyle healthy

It’s important to get enough sleep and engage in regular exercise such as yoga. Yoga is great because it helps release tension from muscles which will leave you feeling refreshed and ready for the day!

Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, both have been proven to contribute to the aging process.

Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.

Monitor your stress levels

Your skin reflects your innermost self and when you are stressed or anxious, so is it. You may not be able to halt the careening stress of day-to-day life altogether, but some little things can minimize its deleterious effects on your appearance.

Do not use products with harsh chemicals

Look for products that have a lower or no-chemical content. This includes looking for naturally moisturizing ingredients such as shea butter, coconut oil and jojoba oil! You can also add these to your diet by eating more avocados and olives which are high in vitamin E! If you’re unsure of what to look for when buying skin care product, don’t be afraid to ask the seller where their natural ingredients come from.

Avoid smoking or drinking alcohol

Avoid smoking or drinking alcohol too often since they both cause premature aging on your face. It’s best if you cut back on these things altogether unless it is necessary because we all know how hard quitting is!


Your skin is a window into your body. It’s the first line of defense against environmental and lifestyle stressors that can lead to premature aging, acne, or even cancer. To ensure you’re giving it all the care it needs—from diet to products to bad habits—take heed of these five important tips for healthier-looking skin from head-to-toe. Are there any other suggestions you would add?

Tips & things to do in Wellington, New Zealand


Spend for an overview, the just method to experience the nationwide gallery and art gallery of New Zealand, an unexpected emphasis of any type of go-to Wellington. A wonderful and discovered directly will straight you to the edges of the gallery you may have or else missed out on, bringing background to life with vibrant storytelling. Watch out for the world’s biggest specimen of the unusual gigantic squid.


Wellington’s coffee scene can be frustrating, with 25 roasters creating 43 million mugs annually. While a few of Wellington’s “mixture bars” like Mojo have more alike with caffeine-addicted Rose city compared to Melbourne’s food-forward coffee shops, you had been hard-pressed to discover a poor mug. Attempt The Hangar, Mojo or Custom’s Mixture Bar for expert brews. 


The renowned cable television car was operating since 1902 and takes you on a brief trip to hill Kelburn through passages radiant with enjoyable nightclub lights. Disembark at the Botanic Yards, which has spectacular sights of the city, and turn by the cable television car gallery which in addition to going through its background, plays an interesting video clip on the well-heeled of Wellington’s special development of transfer – personal cable television vehicles. 


Go behind the scenes of Peter Jackson’s advanced movie realm, see the artisans as they work and appreciate a few of the spooky animals given life in the movie. Brief trips show the amazing information that enters into each manufacturing, which prolongs much past the Lord of the Rings trilogy to exhibitions such as Gallipoli, currently revealing at Te Papa. You can likewise trip WETA’s contemporary reboot of Thunderbirds and its amazing mini collections. 


Do not miss out on the amazing all-natural flavors behind this home-grown gelato store. Enthusiastic food lover Graham Joe utilizes just regional natural milk and infuses distinct concepts into tantalizing gelato flavors, such as the wonderful change of squander item fennel into a tasty, green-flecked inside story. A few of the various other tastebud-teasing developments consist of his ginger beer partnership with Hardie Young kids, and lime and chili. 


This is a preservation area at the city’s side which serves as a sanctuary for New Zealand’s delicate indigenous plants and birdlife, with the objective of bringing back the land to its initial specify. This is likewise where you will see the Tuatara, a small, two-and-a-half extra pound reptile promoted as the just dinosaur to make it through extinction. Trips are accompanied by volunteers who are finest geared up at finding wild animals about the rich green valley. 


They do not phone telephone call this “Bit Rose city” for absolutely nothing. This fantastic bit laneway lined with road art is the home of a few of Welly’s finest manufacturers. Walk backward and forwards to example anything from elegant 6 Barrel Soft drink to baked products at well-known coffee shop Leeds, previously working out in at Shepherd dining establishment, among the city’s finest. Finish the evening at Dangling Ditch, a quirky, expert mixed drink bar where liquor hangs from the ceiling. 


An attorney couple’s peanut butter side-project expanded so prominently, it ended up being their full-time company. Example their distinct flavors from a home window connected to their manufacturing facility, by itself or in addition to salute. Their trick remains in the additional dark roasted hi-oleic peanuts, sourced from Argentina, understood for their fantastic flavor and health and wellness advantages. Do not miss out on the subtly sweet peanut butter and honey flavor. 


Happily introducing their initially bean-to-bar milk delicious chocolate with a sampling keep in mind, this regional chocolatier leads its video game with the country’s initially natural milk delicious chocolate, distinctively covered in a paper developed by New Zealand musicians. Various other prominent flavors outdoors the settle consist of ANZAC and Craft Beer, however, our money’s on the new ordinary old milk range, which will strike your socks off.


Back on their feet after a fire in their kitchen area held back opening up for a year, this new gamer to the marketplace provides advanced, French-influenced lodging in the center of the community. The initially first-class high-end resort to New Zealand in a massive 15 years, its well-equipped, spotless spaces with mod disadvantages don’t dissatisfy. A high-level solution and a dining establishment that might provide a few of the regional restaurants a run for their cash secure the offer. 


That much far better to direct you with Welly’s finest food haunts compared to a regional food lover? These 4 hr lengthy strolling trips will companion you with the heart of the city, dental filling your head with regional understanding, background and art in the process. Sunday’s trips take you to the waterside markets, a regional organization. Come starving, as lots of examples are offered in the process. 


Hid in Wellington City Art Gallery is a renowned eatery that is been a regional preferred for twenty years. Their many prominent meals – a kedgeree coming from British Colonial India – is an easy rice meal with smoked fish that has a light structure however an abundant, currently famous flavor. You can attempt re-creating the meal in your home as they offer the dish on a tea towel. 


Birthed from “dive bars” in the US, the coolest bar in Wellington supplies the very best craft beer they can discover from about New Zealand and the US. You might invest hrs looking at the reused products embellishing the wall surfaces and hanging from the ceiling – or simply saturating up the pleasant, laid-back environment while appreciating a few of great craft brews over great songs. 


From the Kumutoto Stream “soundscape” in the Woodward Road pedestrian passage to the David Bowie homage off Hannah’s Lane to the notorious shark wall surface, Welly road art is flourishing and might seriously provide Melbourne a run for its cash. Its importance is because of a wise effort by the Wellington City Council, that saw its promo might enhance the high quality of the art while decreasing graffiti and tagging.


That can withstand the entice of a covert bar on a grungy street? Very few, which is why Wellington has (a minimum of) 3. Cubafiles will group to Havana Bar, a hip nightspot within 2 historical workman’s cottages; Hawthorn Lounge offers strangely mixed drinks from an old-school lounge bar; and neon-lit Motel is token tiki, presently appreciating an around the world resurgence. Your hint is a line. Motelbar.carbon monoxide.


Wellington’s primary road is lined with coffee shops, dining establishments, and distinct shops where you will discover vintage premium classic stores and bric-a-brac, well-known coffee homes and remarkable NZ developers. The recently developed Evening Market includes more options to a currently extensive listing of fantastic locations to consume. Keep an eye out for the 1969 Container Water fountain – a kinetic sculpture made from vibrant plastic containers. You are well recommended to stand well back on a well-known gusty Welly day or you are most likely to obtain sprinkled.


To provide you an indicator of how major residents have to do with food, the city has more restaurants each head compared to New York. And Prefab is an extensive coffee shop where Saturday early morning brunchers line with children and canines in tow for outstanding morning meals and coffee and fantastic solution. For lunch, attempt Loretta on Cuba Road for modern flatbreads and salads.

18. EAT: MR GOS 

This incredibly hectic however laid-back eatery offers modern Oriental hawker food utilizing fresh, seasonal components from New Zealand. Brilliant lights, upbeat songs and a happy environment with a quick, chipper solution is a fantastic area to begin an evening out. They simply won “hamburger of the year”, however, the large, flavorsome baos cleaned with a fruity mixed drink are an ideal light dish.


Back in 2003, this stunning waterside was covered up with sand and it is currently Welly’s many prominent coastlines, where residents concern swims in the summertime. It is likewise the city’s many costly postcodes, with Kiwi luminaries such as Jane Campion, Sam Neill and Emily Watson having residential or commercial homes right below. For site visitors, it is likewise the home of some fantastic restaurants and a well-known area for gelato.


The “craft beer funding” has 5 craft breweries, however, Garage Job is the one it heralds as the “beloveds of the craft beer scene”. Running their brewery from an old garage with a prominent taproom simply up the road in Aro Valley, they’re not scared to try out avant-garde flavours such as “salty white peach sour” or “habanero and rosewater corn” beer. 


Looking for Wellington Bus Hire? Contact

Want to try snorkeling? Check out our Beginners Guide To Snorkeling

A Beginners Guide To Snorkeling

Snorkeling is frequently an underrated task. For lots of tourists in tropic locations, it is provided as something anybody can do and frequently includes plowing with the surface area with leasing equipment and a swim vest on. However, snorkeling can be so a lot more!

As a matter of fact, contemporary diving expanded from snorkeling, or skin diving as it was understood after that.

Snorkeling can be an extremely gratifying task. It takes advantage of its simpleness, where you can just get a mask and some fins, instead of transporting a bag filled with hefty diving equipment. This likewise enables more versatility, enabling you to bring your equipment on journeys where bringing lots of diving equipment isn’t really an opportunity. And the absence of bubbles implies you can frequently obtain better to aquatic wild animals compared to diving equipment.

In this guide, we will cover among the essential elements that are required to obtaining one of the most from your snorkeling.


To truly maximize your following snorkeling journey, and leave the newbies in your wake, a little bit of prep work is useful.

Enhance your swimming

If your swimming abilities typically aren’t the very best, take some swimming lessons at your regional swimming pool. As well as if you are a good swimmer, ending up being an also much far better swimmer will just profit you in the sprinkle.

Concentrate particularly on the freestyle, as the kicking method from that design is the one you will be utilizing when snorkeling.

“Improving your strength and endurance in the muscles engaged by the kick will help you snorkel more, and with less effort, leaving you free to enjoy the environment instead.“

Being a solid swimmer will likewise permit you to ditch the swim vest that are frequently prominent with snorkeling attire.

While a snorkeling vest assists you with flotation, it will likewise impede your motions in the sprinkle. And make it more difficult, if possible, to do dives to have a look at a coral reef or fish.

Great swimming abilities will assist maintain you risk-free in the water.


Swimming is something – Swimming with fins on is another thing completely.

The additional drag and weight of the fins place additional toll on the muscle mass, which is why you may skilled cramping up if you are not utilized to swimming with fins.

So take a set of fins to the regional swimming pool, or your house waters, and do laps with them on.

Blend it up, so you do both lengthy extends at a mid-level speed, and much shorter, much faster extends.

Improve your breathing

Lots of snorkelers just remain at the surface area and utilize the snorkel to take a breath while looking down.

A variety of advanced snorkelers, however, removal into skin diving area by doing periodic dives listed below the surface area while holding their breath.

This will permit you to obtain a lot better appearance of the aquatic wild animals, and you will check out coral reefs and various other undersea functions up shut.

To optimize your time undersea, you can educate your breath holding capability, in addition to your swimming effectiveness.

For more experience strike up your regional freediving club for practical educating and exercise. With the expanding appeal of freediving, these are ending up being progressively simple to discover.

Conserving Energy While Snorkeling

Opting for a leisurely swim in exotic waters might not seem like major workout, however, make it indisputable, snorkeling can take it from you! Also in really cozy sprinkle, your body sheds warm constantly, because of water’s warm capability being higher than air’s.

And moving on your own ahead with fins on needs some power also.

Contribute to this that snorkeling journeys can be all-day points, with hrs invested in the sprinkle, and you can see why considering maintaining your power expense down works!

Just like diving, keep in mind to decrease, unwind, and allow your fins do help you.

Lots of new snorkelers tend to attempt and swim along utilizing their arms, like they had performed in a swimming pool. However, our legs, particularly with fins on, outperform our arms often times over. So a great way to save power is to always keep our arms unwinded at our sides and concentrate on our fins rather.

“Being in water is a new experience for most, so taking the time to relax your body and mind is a big first step.“

And do not kick as well difficult, also a leisurely kicking speed suffices to own you ahead, and removaling as well quick simply implies you will zoom by fascinating views.

Bonus, kicking as well difficult and flailing with your arms produces a great deal of sprinkling that will frighten away the really pets you are there to see!

Conserving your air while snorkeling

Breath deep and sluggish. Taking a breath with a snorkel can be rather various from taking a breath without one.

Taking deep breaths is essential to obtain one of the most from it. Taking deep breaths likewise, assists maintain your heart price down, which consequently assists you to unwind and save power.

Snorkeling deep

Lots of snorkelers are totally pleased remaining in the surface area throughout their dive, and because situation, they ought to.

While others really feel need to take brief dives on a breath-hold to obtain better to coral reefs, aquatic pets, or various other functions in the deep. To obtain one of the most from your solitary breath, there are a couple of points you can do:

First foremost, relax.

Take a couple of minutes in the surface area to remove as low as feasible and obtain you’re taking a breath controlled.

After that, take a couple of deep, regulated breaths.

Just take a breath deep and gradually completely load and vacant your lungs. After that, take an additional deep breath, ensuring to fill your diaphragm initially, after that breast, and lastly, the really leading of your upper body.

When you are prepared for your descent curved 90 levels at the midsection so your upper body is immersed and upright in the sprinkle, and increase your leg up so they, as well, are upright however over sprinkle.

The weight of your legs will own you into the midsts, conserving you power at the same time. As your fins get to the sprinkle, utilize them to acquire additional deepness.

This is a lot, a lot more effective compared to the swimming climb you frequently see unskilled snorkelers try.

When your undersea, relax.

Many people can considerably enhance their breath holds just by decreasing and unwinding. Swim gradually and effectively, looking to improve your body and production every motion regarding moving you ahead.

Err on the side of conservatism. Turn up well previously you lack air, and gradually prolong your lower time for every time you dive. Quickly, you will obtain a feeling for the length of time you can remain down securely, and probably, it will be significantly much longer compared to your initial endeavor under the surface area.

Lucky enough to be in Far North Queensland? ABC Snorkel Charters are the no 1 choice for Port Douglas Snorkelling in the Cairns and Port Douglas area.

Burnt is out, ‘skinscreen’ is in. How sunscreen got a beauty makeover


Lauren Gurrieri, RMIT University

Under Australia’s harsh sun, we’ve long slapped on sunscreen to protect ourselves from skin damage and cancer.

Now the product, once known for protecting skin against harmful UV rays, is becoming part of beauty routines. Sunscreen products are described as rich, luxe or nourishing.

When did the cultural perception of sunscreen as a health imperative shift towards a lifestyle “must have”? And will this new pitch work to keep us sun safe?

Campaigns of old

Sun safety promotions work to combat dangerous tanning behaviour.

The iconic Slip, Slop, Slap campaign paved the way for how we see sun protection today. In the 1980s, it was instrumental in educating Australians about sun exposure and skin cancer.

Sid the Seagull in full flight.

The campaign’s mascot, Sid the Seagull, sang and danced on our screens, encouraging us to slip on a shirt, slop on sunscreen and slap on a hat.

The slogan was extended to Slip, Slop, Slap, Seek, Slide in 2007, adding two more tips to preventing sun damage: seeking shade and sliding on sunglasses.

These campaigns aimed to refocus Australians’ attitudes to sun protection as a necessity, despite our traditionally sun-drenched lifestyle.

In the 1990s, advertisements shifted their tone from catchy jingles to sexual appeals. The Leave Your Hat On campaign took inspiration from a striptease scene in the film 9/12 Weeks, reversing it with a couple putting on sunscreen, clothes, hats and sunglasses.

Take it all off – no wait, put it back on again!

The campaign targeted young men, as they were most at risk of developing skin cancer. However, the messages of these advertisements did not stick in the minds of Australians. The cultural norm of tanning remained steadfast.

Education through fear

When sex didn’t work to implement sun safety practices, campaigns used scare tactics instead. In the summer of 2003, skin cancer was branded as killer body art and the effects of sunburn, even if only mild, were portrayed as creating a timebomb under the skin.

These “slice of death narratives” – where the advertisement’s focus is on the negative consequences of poor decisions – highlighted the potentially fatal results of sun exposure. In 2007, Clare Oliver, battling end-stage melanoma, shared her story to highlight the dangers of solariums and the cultural ideal of tanning.

The true story of Wes Bonny, told by the relatives of a 26-year-old man who died from melanoma in 2010, spoke volumes about skin cancer affecting an everyday “Aussie guy”.

In 2016, Melbourne mother Belinda shared her story before her death from melanoma.

Melbourne mother Belinda urged others to learn from her story.

The campaigns were created to increase people’s vigilance with sun protection, and sunscreen became a product critical to protecting one’s health.

Evidently, these messages were effective. Research showed lower sunburn rates across the population, and sun protective behaviours improved.

Moreover, research into the investment into such campaigns found every A$1 invested brought a return of A$3.85 by lowering treatment costs and increasing productivity. The campaigns reduced the rates of illness and death and the economic burden of skin cancer.

A new beauty product?

As consumer demand bloomed, the perception and branding of sun protection products changed.

The Australian sunscreen market is expected to tip A$159.3 million this year. By marketing sunscreen as a key step in a daily skincare routine, brands are repositioning sunscreen as a beauty essential.

The new buzzword “skinscreen” has been coined for products that combine skincare and sunscreen. To persuade women to add skinscreens in their beauty regimes, products are marketed with appealing fragrances and textures, and are encouraged to be worn under makeup.

Beauty influencers on social media have jumped on-board the skinscreen craze. It is now marketed to highlight its anti-ageing benefits: preventing age spots, fine lines and wrinkles.

There are pros and cons to luxe skinscreen messaging. It may encourage frequent sunscreen application, but it also suggests women’s beauty and youth are inextricably linked and women’s value lies chiefly in their appearance.

Despite sunscreen’s new home in the beauty aisle, health messaging has not completely disappeared. The social media initiative Call Time on Melanoma aims to spread awareness about skin cancers and protecting skin from harmful rays.

With more than 21,000 Instagram followers, the account encourages people to wear sunscreen everyday, get regular skin checks and debunks myths about sunscreen. The initiative builds awareness by sharing the story of Natalie Fornasier, a woman who was diagnosed with stage III melanoma at age 20.

Not just for the beach. Sunscreen is now being pitched as part of a beauty routine.

Skincare brand La Roche-Posay was an official sunscreen partner for the 2020 Australian Open. They offered a UV Experience to educate tennis fans about sunscreen protection and ran a campaign to raise awareness of the daily UV index.

Although important questions should be asked about the re-branding of sunscreen creating additional appearance-based pressures and “beauty work” for women, sunscreen appears to be more popular than ever. Sunsmart campaigns may have laid the health messaging groundwork, but today’s skincare brands continue to build awareness. This is a welcome step towards keeping Australians sun safe.The Conversation

Lauren Gurrieri, Senior Lecturer in Marketing, RMIT University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

More than skin deep, beauty salons are places of sharing and caring

Salon workers – who are usually women – report clients sharing details of domestic violence, health issues and heartbreak.
Karen Perez/Unsplash, CC BY

Hannah McCann, The University of Melbourne

What happens when people visit beauty and hair salons? Are trips to the salon simply about shaping how one looks on the outside, or can these spaces involve something deeper?

Research shows that beyond “beauty”, salons can be spaces for clients to have intimate conversations with salon workers.

This means beyond technical hair and beauty skills, working in the industry involves listening to and managing the emotions of clients.

In my research and interviews with salon workers between 2017 and 2019, most described themselves as makeshift counsellors. One sign in a Melbourne shopfront even read

Therapy is expensive, get a haircut instead, we’re great listeners.

Beyond the technical

Research conducted in the United States shows salon workers can act as “lay health educators”. Workers have close physical contact with clients and potentially access to different and diverse communities, depending on the salon.

Some US salon workers have even been engaged to assist public health campaigns, educating the general public about health issues such as melanoma, diabetes, and unintended pregnancy.

Salon workers can develop a “commercial friendship” with clients as they maintain close physical proximity with the client over a long period. But they are neutral figures in relation to emotional disclosures.

This relationship means clients may disclose more details about the troubles in their lives than they would to friends or family. UK research also shows salons are spaces where workers often provide clients with emotional support.

It’s appropriate then that initiatives have emerged across the globe to train hairdressers and other salon workers to respond to client disclosures.

In Victoria the Eastern Domestic Violence Service has been running a program called Hair-3R’s (recognise, respond and refer), to train salon workers to safely manage client disclosures of family violence.

In some US states, “cosmetologists” (hairstylists, manicurists and other salon workers) are legally required to do formal training in domestic violence and sexual assault awareness every two years to renew their salon licenses.

Though they are likely to hear distressing client disclosures, salon workers are not often trained how to cope or respond.
Unsplash, CC BY

What workers signed up for?

Expecting salon workers to respond to issues such as family violence is asking a lot. Low wages and sometimes dangerous working conditions persist in the beauty industry.

When I interviewed salon workers trained in the Hair-3R’s program, I found they were relieved to be able to have frank discussions about the nature of their work, and grateful to receive support and guidance in negotiating these issues.

Research has shown salon workers are likely to have clients disclose intimate partner violence to them at some point. But workers I spoke with also mentioned a huge array of different issues clients bring up.

Marriage breakdown, mental health, suicidal ideation, gender transition and job loss were among the client issues reported by workers.

While the majority of conversations a worker has in a day or even over the course of a week may not be so “heavy”, they will likely encounter diverse and sometimes distressing stories, given the huge segment of the community they come into contact with over months and years. Many workers suggested the Hair-3Rs training was the first time they’d spoken about the emotional aspects of their work or had it recognised as something they negotiate daily.

Beyond the surface

Feminists writing about beauty have long focused on the gender expectations maintained in these spaces. From this perspective, salons have been seen as reinforcing stereotypes of how women should look and how they should maintain their bodies.

A reframing of this perspective notes the beauty industry is highly feminised, dominated by workers who are working class and often migrant women. Salon workers are represented as low-skilled “bimbos” in popular culture and the media. It is therefore no surprise the emotional nature of this line of work has remained largely hidden and both economically and culturally undervalued.

In Legally Blonde (2001) the salon relationship extends beyond grooming.

As the beauty industry continues to boom – a day spa, nail salon or laser hair removal clinic on almost every Australian street corner and dotted throughout our shopping centres – we might speculate people are accessing these services for reasons beyond maintaining appearances.

While some may lay the blame on an increasingly image-soaked world due to the popularity of social media such as Instagram, we might also look to what kind of emotional refuge the salon is providing for a world in crisis.

Further research is needed to identify what can be done to support workers in this industry, who may accidentally find themselves acting as untrained social workers or therapists with little community support or recognition.The Conversation

Hannah McCann, Lecturer in Cultural Studies, The University of Melbourne

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Beauty, fashion and looking ‘hot’: YouTube’s powerful messages for girls

YouTube beauty blogger Zoella has had more than 950 million views of videos on her channel.

Bernice Loh, Monash University

Last September, comedian Amy Schumer posted pictures of the covers of two US magazines – Girls’ Life and Boys’ Life – on Instagram with the caption “No.”

The girls’ magazine featured stories about fashion and hair. The boys’, headlined Explore Your Future, was full of interesting things to do. The post went viral. “Wow. @amyschumer I second that emotion,” responded actress Blake Lively. “Ladies, let’s not let this happen anymore …”

The pressure for girls to focus on how they look or fashion themselves after adults has been much discussed. Most of this, however, has focused on “traditional” forms of media – books, magazines, TV shows – but this does not accurately depict the changing mediascapes of girls’ lives, in particular, the growing significance of YouTube.

YouTube has attained a global watch time of over 500 million hours daily. Growing by 60% each year, it is prevalent in many young people’s everyday lives. But how do YouTubers typically construct and celebrate what it means to be a girl? In 2014, there were at least 45,000 YouTube channels that featured beauty-related content. In June 2016, there were more than 5.3 million videos that capitalise on the female appearance on YouTube.


Haul videos are one of the most popular genres uploaded by young female YouTubers. In haul videos, YouTubers typically introduce and describe the products that they have purchased, after each shopping trip.

Popular American YouTuber Bethany Mota (MacBarbie07) first uploaded videos about the fashion purchases from her shopping trips back in 2009, which saw her subscribers on YouTube grow exponentially. She reportedly earns around half a million dollars a year from YouTube, just by shopping and filming what she buys.

British YouTuber Zoe Sugg (Zoella) – who has over 11 million subscribers – also regularly updates her female fans on where she shops. The labels mentioned include ASOS, Topshop and H&M. According to Vogue, Sugg has become one of the biggest fashion influencers, with more than 950 million casual views today on her channel.


Besides videos on fashion, there is a growing community of YouTubers dedicated to generating beauty and makeup content. These videos range from step-by-step tutorials teaching girls how to apply makeup to sharing their everyday beauty routines.

Christine’s (TessChristine) morning routine video, for instance, features herself getting out of bed, shaving her legs and applying makeup, checking social media and wearing high heels before she steps out of the house on a “casual day out”.

YouTuber AlishaMarie also has a following on her “How to Look HOT” series. “How to look HOT for Back to School” is one of her most viewed videos, with over 4 million views.

It is worth noting that videos of fashion and beauty on YouTube are not specifically produced for girls. In fact, videos on makeup and dress constitute a significantly different “genre” from what girls have traditionally been allowed to watch (for example teen/tween sitcoms on the Disney Channel).

However, with their DIY approach and instructions on how girls should be acting or dressing, such videos have become legitimate and ready sources of information.

It is also common for beauty YouTubers to provide lists of products in the information section of their videos. But how independent are these recommendations? Are some YouTubers actually sponsored, but presenting products as something they have bought because it is “quintessential” or “useful” to have them “as a girl”?

Alternative viewing

There are, of course, YouTubers who create alternative content. Top Asian Australian YouTuber Wengie, for example, strikes more of a middle ground, with videos that address goals, health and personal growth for girls.

There are also other Western young female YouTubers who use humour and satire to challenge ideas of popular femininity. Top Canadian YouTuber Lilly Singh’s viral video “How To Make a Sandwich” is a retaliation against the sexist comments that she receives on her channel, telling her that “women aren’t funny” and that they should be in the kitchen “making sandwiches”.

Miranda Sings – who has 7 million subscribers – similarly puts on monstrous makeup to perform parody music videos, which have little or no relation to being conventionally pretty.

A growing community of male YouTubers like Pewdiepie, NigaHiga and Casey Neistat have also achieved high levels of popularity with the support of fan girls.

Nonetheless, those concerned about our culture’s obsession with girls’ appearances should be paying more attention to this community of YouTubers. Girls’ consumption of videos on YouTube should not be considered as a teenage fad, especially with YouTubers’ influence on young people surpassing celebrities on traditional mainstream media.

In fact, celebrities today are also increasingly shifting their focus to YouTube, in order to compete with YouTubers for a share of this market.The Conversation

Bernice Loh, Doctoral Candidate, Monash University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Beauty is skin-deep: why our complexion is so important to us

Skin is seen as a marker of health, and thus beauty.
Noah Buscher/Unsplash

Rodney Sinclair, The University of Melbourne

This article is part of our series about skin: why we have it, what it does, and what can go wrong. Read other articles in the series here.

We’re all attracted to a beautiful face. We like to look at them, we feel drawn to them and we aspire to have one. Many researchers and others have investigated what we humans identify as “beautiful”: symmetry, large evenly spaced eyes, white teeth, a well-proportioned nose and of course, a flawless complexion. The skin is of utmost importance when people judge someone as beautiful.

When choosing a mate, men rank female beauty more highly than women rate male appearance. Female beauty is thought to signal youth, fertility and health.

Beauty can also signal
high status. People with “plain looks” earn about 10% less than people who are average-looking, who in turn earn around 5% less than people who are good-looking.

Read more:
The skin is a very important (and our largest) organ: what does it do?

Skin as a marker of health and beauty

Even the best facial structure can be unbalanced by skin that is flawed.

There are many skin conditions that are perfectly natural, yet because of our beliefs around skin and health, these can cause the sufferers extreme self-consciousness.

Examples include: chloasma, the facial pigmentation that often occurs during pregnancy; starburst telangiectasias, the broken capillaries that appear on the lower thighs and calves of many women as they age; and dermatosis papulosa nigra, the brown marks that accumulate on the upper cheeks and temples, especially in people of Asian or African descent.

Chloasma (pigmentation) often affects pregnant women.

Teenagers with acne are more likely to withdraw socially. It may impair school performance and result in severe depression and even suicide.

There are hundreds of skin diseases that can change facial appearance, including rashes such as rosacea and skin cancers. Surgery for skin cancer can leave noticeable marks and scars that make the survivor self-conscious.

Read more:
Why does Australia have so much skin cancer? (Hint: it’s not because of an ozone hole)

Industries built on our self-consciousness

Perhaps alongside the greying of the hair, skin is the most visible sign of ageing. As we age the skin changes. These changes are most pronounced in the areas exposed daily to the sun, such as the face, neck and the backs of our hands.

There the skin thins, loses volume and elasticity and becomes dull. Dark rings develop under the eyes. Wrinkles appear. The skin sags and blemishes and scars accumulate.

Despite having no negative physical health effects, acne can cause major self-esteem problems in youth.

People spend a lot of money in attempts to regain their youthful appearance. The global cosmetics industry is worth about US$500 billion. Sales of skin and sun care products, make-up and colour cosmetics generate over 36% of the worldwide cosmetic market.

We use foundation makeup to conceal freckles and blemishes, moisturisers and fillers to hide dryness, concealers to disguise broken capillaries and pimples. And increasingly people are using botox to remove wrinkles, fillers to replace volume, and laser to remove flaws from the top layer of skin.

Read more:
Common skin rashes and what to do about them

We should all use sunscreen to protect the skin from sun damage and prescription medications to cure the skin of diseases when necessary.

In 2018, we find ourselves living longer, working later and remarrying more. We’re having to trade on our beauty much later in life.

In a better world, beauty would be irrelevant. Unfortunately in our world it’s one of our most valuable assets. The best we can do is to protect our skin from sunburn, seek advice from a dermatologist when we notice any skin problems, and accept we weren’t born with the skin of Beyonce.

Read more:
Four of the most life-threatening skin conditions and what you should know about them

The Conversation

Rodney Sinclair, Professor of Dermatology, The University of Melbourne

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Want to avoid a botched beauty procedure? This is what you need to be wary of

Regulation doesn’t cover procedures performed in a beauty salon in the same way it does those performed on the operating table.

Michelle Rodrigues, St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne

Recent news that more than a dozen cosmetic beauty operators have been shut down across Victoria in the last year will give many people cause for concern.

One beauty therapist was allegedly found to be operating at the back of a jewellery store, offering risky procedures including mole removal, facial fillers and skin tightening. In many cases, plastic surgeons and dermatologists have been required to treat the damage caused at these rogue salons, including swelling, scarring, and infection.

While low-cost procedures can be alluring, there are several things to keep in mind to ensure the treatments you’re getting are safe and reputable.

Read more:
Injecting regulations into cosmetic medicine


The skin is the largest and most accessible organ of the body, making skin procedures like laser, dermabrasion, microneedling, skin peels, toxin injections and fillers very common among unqualified or minimally qualified people and clinics.

The Medical Board of Australia, supported by the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA), are the governing bodies for medical professionals. They register practitioners, and enforce guidelines for cosmetic medical and surgical procedures, which serve to protect the community.

There have been cases where registered medical practitioners, including general practitioners, have performed procedures outside their area of expertise or have not conformed with codes of conduct, sometimes with tragic consequences. But in many of these cases, the regulations in place have helped to identify offending practitioners and ensure disciplinary action is taken.

Yet for non-medical operators, for the most part, no training or educational requirements need to be met, no uniform national professional standards or codes of conduct exist, and there is no governing body to whom people can direct concerns.

Essentially, these beauty salons and non-medical clinics are simply not regulated by an external body or organisation.

The importance of medical training

The skin is an organ, just like the heart or lungs. Its structure and function is complex. In order to practise as a dermatologist, a person needs to first complete their medical degree, and then complete a further six years of specialist training in all matters related to the skin, hair and nails.

Laser treatment is commonly offered to treat things like redness on the skin, brown spots, and to improve skin texture and tone.

In order to deliver safe laser treatments, an accurate diagnosis is important. Is the brown spot on your cheek you want to remove a freckle, melasma (a discolouring of the skin) or a melanoma? A person without a medical background could easily mistake a melanoma for a freckle, which could be deadly.

Even if you do have just a freckle, what laser settings will be safe and effective? An intimate understanding of the structure and function of the skin and the physics of the laser is necessary to make these important decisions.

Read more:
Friday essay: toxic beauty, then and now

The regulations surrounding who can operate a laser differ from state to state. In Western Australia, unless you’re a medical doctor, nurse, or hold a diploma or certificate IV in beauty therapy (or equivalent) with a licence, you cannot operate a laser for the purpose of hair removal. Further restrictions apply to the use of lasers for cosmetic procedures and tattoo removal. In Queensland and Tasmania, only those with relevant licences can operate laser devices.

For the rest of the country, no regulation exists. This means anyone can offer skin treatments – a person who has done some online training or a weekend course could hang a “laser certificate” on the wall and start using lasers and other devices to treat skin.

In some Australian states, a person performing laser treatment doesn’t need to have had any training.

The same can be said for microneedling, the insertion of very fine, short needles into the skin for the purposes of rejuvenation or to reduce acne scarring. While some states regulate procedures involving skin penetration, particularly around infection control, no uniform minimum training requirements exist for providers.

The depth of penetration of the microneedling device, the type of needle chosen, and pre- and post-treatment care are critical to maximising the benefits and minimising the risks of the procedure.

Similarly, for anti-wrinkle injections and fillers, an intimate understanding of facial anatomy is required to ensure safe and successful treatment. Complications can range from local injection site infection through to blindness. To have people performing these procedures who are not medically trained is very risky.

Medical professionals take precautions to minimise the risk of complications and are trained to recognise and deal with complications that will inevitably occur from time to time. They can also prescribe relevant medications to help with things like infection or pain, if necessary. Non-medical providers cannot.

Read more:
Will microdermabrasion or skin needling give me better skin?

Equipment and sanitation

There are hundreds of different lasers, microneedling and skin care devices around. There are different brands, different models, and different safety features. So, varying outcomes can be seen with different devices.

Any piece of equipment that penetrates the skin needs to be sterilised in a medical-grade steriliser. Sterilising the equipment prevents the transmission of blood-borne infections like hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. Failing to sterilise properly or not doing so at all places patients and the community at risk.

It must be said that there are many trained non-medical practitioners who adhere to infection control measures, understand what is safe and what is not, and who administer treatments in sanitary conditions.

What needs to change?

Regulatory bodies and the government need to work together to safeguard the community. We need to better regulate who can operate lasers and other skin devices, who can inject, cut and treat skin and in what type of environment this can take place. And we even need to regulate advertising – who can use the words “skin specialist”, “medical grade skin peels”, and so on. Because right now, anyone can.

Read more:
Safety before profits: why cosmetic surgery is ripe for regulation

So how can a consumer know how to access treatment from a qualified practitioner? Given there are little or no regulations in some parts of the country, it’s very hard to be sure, but these tips can help:The Conversation

  • if you want to be treated by a medical practitioner, look up the APHRA website to see if the practitioner you are going to consult with is registered
  • you only get what you pay for. If consultations and treatments are very cheap, you may want to look into the quality of the equipment and the experience of the provider
  • don’t believe everything you read online. Medical professionals are not allowed to have testimonials on their websites, so don’t decide on a provider on this basis
  • trust your gut – if something doesn’t feel right about the place or person, walk away.

Michelle Rodrigues, Consultant Dermatologist, St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.